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Grammar learning: 不但 / 不只 / 不仅……,而且 / 还 / 也 ……

We've seen 不但……而且 in B1, but other than that there are a number of other structures which can be used to express "not only...but also". 不但 can be substituted with 不仅(bù jǐn) and 不只 (bù zhǐ), all meaning "not only", and can be followed by 而且 (ér qiě) , 还 (hái), or 也 (yě) Other than 不但...而且 being more common than the others, they are all pretty similar in usage and meaning.

Structure

Subject + 不仅/不但/不只 + one aspect, 而且/还/也 + another aspect

Examples

Zhè piān wénzhānɡ bùjǐn jiéɡòu qīnɡchu, érqiě sīxiǎnɡ xiānjìn.
这 篇 文章 不仅 结构 清楚,而且 思想 先进。

This essay is not only written clearly, but is also well-developed.

 

Tā bùjǐn xǐhuɑn chī zhōnɡɡuó cài, érqiě yě huì zuò jǐ ɡè zhōnɡɡuó cài!
他 不仅 喜欢 吃 中国 菜,而且 也 会 做 几 个 中国 菜!

He not only likes to eat Chinese food, but he can make some as well!

 

Zhè ɡè wàiɡuórén bùzhǐ huì chànɡ mínɡē, hái huì shuō fānɡyán,zhēn shì liǎobùqǐ!
这 个 外国人 不只 会 唱 民歌,还 会 说 方言,真 是 了不起!

Not only can this foreigner sing folk songs, but he can also speak the dialect. That's really amazing!

 

Tā búdàn cōnɡmínɡ hái hěn shànliánɡ.nánɡuài tā zhème shòu dàjiā de xǐài!
他 不但 聪明 还 很 善良。难怪 他 这么 受 大家 的 喜爱!

He's not only smart, but also kind. No wonder everyone loves him.

而且 can be used in conjunction with 还, 也 , as in the last three examples.

 

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